Nikola Tesla is known as the father of wireless transmission. The most famous wireless technology known as Wardenclyffe tower also known as the Tesla tower is the first was designed merely for wireless transmission of electricity. Wireless transmission of electricity is aimed at providing electricity connection to people living in remote areas. The recent transmission technologies are based on the microwave power transmission. This task is often completed by using solar power satellite, placed in high earth orbit. This satellite converts the sunlight into energy; this energy is composed of microwaves. These microwave signals are transmitted to an antenna on ground which is further converted into electrical power. So far there are two downfalls of electricity one is tangle of cable or wires and the other one is use of fossil fuels for electricity generation. Fossil fuel electric plants generate greenhouse gases which are responsible for global warming. Wireless electricity transmission can overcome these problems well.
Merits of Wireless Electricity Transmission:
First of all the wireless electrical transmission of data removes the need for physical infrastructure like grids and towers. In this way the cost associated with deploying towers and cables can be saved. During the rains and after natural disasters it is often hard to manage the cables and towers. It is possible to deliver electricity connection to the under developed areas of the world there is no infrastructure support. The transmission and distribution loss associated with traditional electricity grids can be overcome. African countries are in severe of electricity connection in order to dig through the water reservoirs beneath the crust of Sahara desert. The market potential for the wireless transmission of electricity is very high. It is an opportunity market for many. Today two words are ruling the world “efficiency” and “speed”. These two words have become the base for the development in the technology. The electricity generation using microwaves is more environments friendly. Moreover it does not involve any emission of carbon gases. This technology can met the electricity demand of the third world countries with economy and accuracy. Thus the ultimate benefit of this technology is transmission veracity and integrity. Many countries can enjoy the economic benefits of this technology. A signal resonant energy receiver is an ultimate device to connect various electrical applications. The monthly electricity bills using conventional electricity supply can be cut to very low.
Demerits of Wireless Transmission:
Biological effects associated with the wireless transmission of electricity due to the high frequency microwave signals is the first demerit of this technology. This project is a one time expense but it involves a lot of initial expenditure. It is expected that the price of receive electricity through this technology would decline overtime. This technology id limited to the use of few technologies like solar satellites and Tesla grid. The transmission of electric current through this mode is susceptible to security risks like cyber war fare. The United States Department of Homeland Security is helping to remove the vulnerabilities associated with smart grids. This department blamed chain and Russia for infiltering the system by sending software effects which would distract the entire system. Hence the power insurgency is difficult to handle in case of wireless transmission of electricity